Monday, March 3, 2008

Today in History: March 3

  • 1845 Russian-German mathematician Georg Cantor born; created modern set theory; invented transfinite numbers.
  • 1847 American inventor Alexander Graham Bell born; invented the telephone.
  • 1878 Bulgaria liberated from centuries of Ottoman Turkish rule, following the Russo-Turkish War.
  • 1898 Austrian-German mathematician Emil Artin born; algebraic number theory, braid theory, Artin reciprocity, Artinian rings; solved Hilbert's 17th problem.
  • 1915 Congress establishes the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA, pronounced N-A-C-A), to promote aeronautical research; analyzed wing shapes, and streamlining; converted to NASA in 1958 after Sputnik.
  • 1931 Congress adopts The Star-Spangled Banner, renamed from "Defence of Fort McHenry", as the national anthem; "Land of the Free and the Home of the Brave."
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